British Science Week: Let’s Talk about Women in STEM

Today is the first day of British Science Week, and as scientists set up their tables at festivals to engage the public with science, its also important to engage people with some of the issues in STEM.

Totaljobs has undertaken some research which has highlighted some of the issues that face women within STEM careers, and illustrates some of factors that lead to inequality within science.

The lack of representation of women in STEM is a huge issue, as we loose girls from science education through unconscious bias and we loose women during their careers due to lack of support. It also appears that not only are women in STEM suffering from a social disadvantage, but they are also at an economical disadvantage, as totaljobs research across 1,450 STEM-related professionals showed:

•Women in STEM typically expect to be paid £7,107 less than men

•Men in STEM earn £639 more than women in bonuses

•65% of women admit they don’t feel comfortable asking for a pay rise

•37% of women believe their male counterparts are paid more for the same role

Alongside their research, they have made a useful video demonstrating some of the issues that lead to a lack of women in science – including a lack of female role models at a young age.

We find that young girls really enjoy science at school and don’t necessarily say ‘science isn’t a women’s job’, but we do find that they say ‘science just isn’t for me’. This is due to a lack of female role models in STEM and limited depictions of women in the media, leading them to not identify with a career in science.

Unconscious bias also has a role to play in the lack of girls engaging with STEM. As we are products of a biased society, we find that teachers can be subconsciously less encouraging towards girls in school: by allowing boys to answer questions more or scolding girls more often when they shout out in class – subtly reinforcing the idea that intellect and academia is a ‘boy’s world’.

Parent’s also display this unconscious bias, in fact as a science museum, parents are more than three times as likely to explain the exhibit to their boy child than their girl child.

And as totaljobs’ research suggests, we see gender differences in grown adults as well, due to stereotyping. We tell girls that women are passive and less competitive, so when they reach their career they feel unable to ask for a pay rise (as well as the clear gender pay gap within science, demonstrated in their research).

So as we get into British Science Week, spreading the joys of science, lets keep in mind the unconscious bias that can prevent girls from interacting with STEM subjects and how this can follow them throughout into their careers.


Mind-Ful celebrates #IWD2017


For International Women’s Day, I wanted to share some experiences and stories from fantastic women in STEM.

I don’t need to say anymore, I now hand you over to these inspirational women.

Amanda Gray – Geologist – Scottish Stemettes

IWD amanda

My Story: I was inspired into a career in earth science after watching BBC’s Planet Earth when I was 14 years old. I even went to my Science Teacher and requested to do an extra Standard Grade subject so that I could do all three sciences!

After not getting the Maths grade needed to get into my first choice at Edinburgh University, I went through the UCAS clearing system to get a place at Aberdeen University to do a BSc in Geology & Petroleum Geology. Excited by the opportunities in the oil & gas industry I went on to get an MSc in Integrated Petroleum Geoscience.

I had landed the dream job with a small oil company but it did require moving far away from my family and friends. I did have a great experience as a Graduate Geologist; gaining many skills and trying to make the most of every opportunity from field trips in Greece and France to visiting an onshore oil rig in Kazakhstan! I met many wonderful mentors and friends who shared my enthusiasm for geology and science in general.

However, when the oil price dropped in 2015 the industry I worked in became a very uncertain and unstable environment to be in, and the company I worked for got bought over. This brought about big changes in the job roles available and where I would be expected to live and work. Ultimately, I wasn’t happy in my personal life living so far from home and I wasn’t excited about the new job opportunities on offer. So, I turned down a job offer for a big oil company in London, took a redundancy package and moved to my favourite city in the world, Edinburgh.

Through that complicated experience I had lost my mojo. I needed a change. I figured if I couldn’t work as a geologist at this moment, let’s throw my energy into another passion – STEM education. I strongly believe that everybody deserves to have the career that they love and I want to help young people discover that their career could be in STEM.

So, I volunteered at a Stemette’s event and loved it so much, I asked if I could work for them. I am now the Scottish Stemette, leading the establishment of the not-for-profit social enterprise in Scotland. On a day to day basis I get to organise fun events, inspire young people, and meet other people passionate about STEM. It is one of the most rewarding job roles I’ve ever had and has inspired me to continue science outreach work throughout my career.

Only recently, I saw a geology PhD project at Heriot Watt University that excited me and I was have been fortunate enough to be offered a place to study there for the next 4 years, and will be starting in autumn this year. I felt like this was the next challenge in my career. I love getting to share stories of inspiring women in science to girls, and I wanted to make sure that I continue doing research so that I can be one of those role models too.

Favourite woman in STEM experience: My favourite experience as a Woman in STEM, so far, has been inspired other young women that they are capable of careers in STEM. At the my first ever Stemettes event I did speed mentoring sessions. I asked teenage girls if somebody has ever made them feel like that couldn’t do STEM… I was heartbroken to hear several stories from these young women ranging from “My teacher said ‘are you sure you want to do computing science? That’s a boy’s subject’” to “The boys in my maths class laughed at me when I said I wanted to be an engineer”. This cemented my commitment to make sure girls have more role models to show them that they can do STEM too.

Nicola F. – PhD at University of Westminster – Blogger at FreshScience

IWD Nicola

Advice I would give to girls in STEM: Having the confidence to push yourself to achieve something great, through the hardships, is so important for women in STEM, and something that every woman is capable of.

Quote I am inspired by: Life is not easy for any of us. But what of that? We must have perseverance and above all confidence in ourselves. We must believe that we are gifted for something and that this thing must be attained” – Marie Curie


Jessica Fletcher – Educator – PhD in Cancer Studies – Science YouTuber

IWD Jessica Fletcher

My story: I can’t remember the exact moment when I decided that science was for me. I do know that from a young age I had a mental image of myself looking down a microscope and helping to save the world, and growing up I was lucky enough to have a supportive family around me who let me know that I could do just that!

Throughout my school years I had some wonderful female science teachers, however it was (and still is) hard to find strong female STEM role models represented in society and the media. I have worked hard and been successful in my STEM career so far, and am fortunate to be working in an environment which has many strong female STEM role models, however my journey hasn’t been without its moments. Moments where it has been made painfully aware to me that certain archaic discriminatory views and prejudices against women in STEM still exist. As a proud feminist and STEMinist

I hope to encourage girls and women of all ages to pursue their passion for science through my work at Swansea University Medical School and my YouTube channel ‘Science She Wrote’.


Jordina Escoda – Studying Chemistry at Universitat Rovira i Virgili

IWD Jordina

My thoughts on science: Science is much more useful than I thought. I love it because I can learn as well as experiment with everyday’s things.


Carys Huntly – PhD in Spectral Imaging Science – Aberystwyth University

IWD Carys

My story: I always say that I “fell” into Physics, it’s not something I enjoyed at GCSE, finding the topics covered at the time fairly dry and uninspiring. However after receiving my results and seeing that it was my strongest science I decided to give it a chance at A-Level – and found I loved it! In a large part because of this I now take time to go out to schools and different public events to talk about my experience and research in the hope that others will find it at least half as exciting as I do!

I am currently studying for a PhD in Physics at Aberystwyth University, where I also completed a BSc in Physics with Planetary and Space Physics.

My PhD is based around Spectral Imaging Science, using specially modified, or custom built, cameras to analyse data about the scene. The applications of this technology are widespread but I am focussed on agriculture and planetary exploration. I am fortunate enough to be sat in the team working towards the European Space Agency’s ExoMars 2020 mission, where the primary objective is to search for evidence of past or present life in the sub-surface of Mars.

Quote I am inspired by: “We look at science as something very elite, which only a few people can learn. That’s just not true. You just have to start early and give kids a foundation. Kids live up, or down, to expectations.” – Mae Jemison


FameLab Regional Finals


This month I got the chance to be the Simon Cowell of sci-comms, judging in the Welsh regional finals of FameLab at Techniquest to find the up-and-coming science communicators.

I was joined on the judging panel by Dr Tim Cockerill and Beth Evans, to judge the contestants on their charisma, clarity and content – and believe me it was incredibly hard!

All of the contestants were amazing science communicators, who could turn something as complex as brain surgery or time travel into an understandable and engaging presentation. They had three minutes to present a topic of scientific research to the gallery and the panel of judges, and whoever was successful would go on to compete in the UK wide final.

I was incredibly impressed with the standard, and how well humour and narrative was used to explain very difficult scientific topics (including the physics of time), making the research understandable for the general public, and an audience of a variety of ages and levels of scientific understanding.

This made judging the winners very hard, and it was a close contest. The panel had to choose a wild card winner and an overall winner, from the contestants who came from all over Wales.


After deliberation, we decided that our wild card would be awarded to the charismatic Daniel Olaiya, a neurosurgeon who gave an engaging presentation about Parkinson’s disease, the midbrain and Deep Brain Stimulation; which featured a clever use of dance moves and song lyrics to get his points across.

The overall winner of the FameLab regional final was awarded to Carol Glover, who told a humorous story of deterring a thief from stealing a bike by educating him about corrosive worms. Her use of comedy and a storyline helped to make the topic clear and understandable within the three minute time limit.


I came away from the event impressed by everyone. All of the regional finalists were fantastic, and it was a truly hard decision to make, as all of the contestants were knowledgable in their field and effortlessly made their topics understandable and exciting – the key to science communication!


How to hack your home – Professor Danielle George MBE CHRISTMAS LECTURE

Photography by Paul Wilkinson Photography Ltd.
Photography by Paul Wilkinson Photography Ltd.

Robots are coming to Cardiff! (And not in the apocalyptic kind of way – but in the way that will inspire young girls and boys into STEM)

The Royal Institution is bringing the world famous CHRISTMAS LECTURES to Wales, with the inspirational electrical engineer Professor Danielle George MBE discussing how to hack your home. The series of UK live shows will culminate in Cardiff, challenging audiences to use their imaginations to change the world, inspiring the next generation of inventors and engineers.

Photography by Paul Wilkinson Photography Ltd.
Photography by Paul Wilkinson Photography Ltd.

The aim of the tour is to engage local areas across the UK with topics in STEM, making science topics easily accessible and exciting.

If you have been reading my blog a while, you would have heard me talk a lot about the power of making science accessible at home, and how Science Capital can help improve diversity in STEM. But if you haven’t heard me talk about this before, let me break it down.

Certain groups are significantly less likely to interact with science on an everyday basis – these groups tend to be girls, non-white children and working-class children. Because of this, these groups are less likely to describe science as a ‘subject for them’, and are less likely to see STEM as a potential career path for them. Therefore, creating events or projects that bring science into the home and make it accessible, are vital in the endeavours of improving diversity in STEM – and the RI are doing just that!

Not only do they have a YouTube series, ExpeRimental, that has free science activities for families to do at home, but they are also bringing science to local communities across the UK, through their series of lectures. This will help to reach children who are less likely to interact with science regularly, building their confidence in STEM subjects, and will help to capture their imagination.

And the lecture is presented by a woman!

Photography by Paul Wilkinson Photography Ltd.
Photography by Paul Wilkinson Photography Ltd.

Danielle is Professor of Radio Frequency Engineering at the University of Manchester and presented the 2014 CHRISTMAS LECTURES ‘Sparks will fly: How to hack your home’ – and will be inspiring young girls without even realising it.

By increasing the representation of women in STEM, we are helping to create excellent female role models. By seeing women doing science, it will help little girls to imagine themselves doing science in the future as well.

If you are in Wales, come along to the Reardon Smith Theatre in the National Museum Wales in Cardiff on March 13 – whether you are four or forty, I am sure you will enjoy it!

It is vitally important that shows like this are set up, because not only are they educational and are engaging people with STEM, but they are helping to capture the minds of young girls and help them to realise their full potential in science careers.

(Psst! Also, the tickets are buy-one-get-one free!)

For more information about the event, click here.


The Creator Series – Episode One

In February, the talented Matt Eastland-Jones came and interviewed me as part of his Creator Series. He is interviewing bloggers, filmmakers, photographers – any creative with a good story to tell.

I was the first participant in this project, and if you want to get involved with this series, send an email to


#WomenInSTEM Postcards Available Now!


Raise awareness for women in STEM, by purchasing a limited edition #WomenInSTEM Postcard, send it around the world, and encourage your friends to look up what these amazing women did for science!

The proceeds with be donated to ScienceGrrl, helping to fund their projects which encourage girls into science.

Now available to buy here:


Seeing double – Women in STEM Project


women in stem

The 11th of February marks the UN’s International Day of Women and Girls in Science, and to celebrate the occasion I have partnered up with my genetically significant other (aka, my twin sister) to launch a project – hoping to encourage girls to reach their full potential.

Despite being identical twins, Ellie and I are opposites in our career path. Ellie is a talented artist, selling hand-drawn and hand-sewn dolls from her business, Sew Cool Dolls, and I talk to people about science.


As twins, everyone would expect us to go down the same routes in life, but that has not been the case. We have only been able to achieve our careers at totally opposite ends of the spectrum because our parents encouraged us to do what we loved, and showed us the wide variety of career paths we could choose from. Often, girls are taught to stick to stereotypical aspirations for women, and this leads to a lack of women in industries like science. So, we wanted to launch a project together for UN’s International Day of Women and Girls in Science, using both of our passions, to help young girls realise their true potential and raise awareness for amazing women in STEM.

Ellie has hand-designed postcards which feature prominent women in science, technology, engineering and maths, as well as making gender-neutral STEM toys.

seeing double project

We want to spread the word of women in STEM, as they are often overlooked or forgotten. The postcards can be posted to friends or family all over the world, hopefully encouraging them to find out more about what that women did for science. This way we can both raise awareness for women in STEM, but also help form inspirational role models.

The proceeds from this project will then be donated to ScienceGrrl, a non-profit who work hard to help address the issues facing women in science, as well as encouraging girls into STEM.

By working together, Ellie and I hope that we can enable girls to reach their full potential and grow up knowing that we could achieve in our dream careers – whether it be science or art.

More information is on its way – so keep an eye out!